Xi’an (xī ān 西安) ranks first on the list of the country’s seven largest ancient capitals with a long-standing history and is known for being the capital city for 13 dynasties. It marked the starting point of the world famous Silk Road. Since the 1990s, the city of Xi’an has re-emerged as an important cultural, industrial and educational center of the central-northwest region, with facilities for research and development, national security and China's space exploration program. Now, this city harmoniously combines its ancient charm with a modern atmosphere.
The Small Wild Goose Pagoda (xiǎo yàn tǎ 小雁塔)
The Small Wild Goose Pagoda, is one of two significant pagodas in the city of Xi’an, China. The pagoda has a brick frame built, uniquely and delicately shaped with a hollow interior, and its square base and shape reflect the building style of other pagodas from the era. The pagoda was originally built to house Buddhist scriptures and relics.
Shaanxi History Museum (shǎn xī lì shǐ bó wù guǎn 陕西历史博物馆)
Shaanxi History Museum is one of the first huge state museums with modern facilities in China. The museum exhibits more than 300,000 items including murals, paintings, pottery, coins, as well as bronze, gold, and silver objects. Its appearance imitates the architectural style of the Tang Dynasty (táng cháo 唐朝).
Bell Tower (zhōng lóu 钟楼)
Standing at the crossing of the East, West, South, and North avenues in city proper, the Bell Tower has been a symbol of Xi'an. The tower is a brick and timber structure and 36 meters high. Musical performances are held inside at regular time.
The Great Mosque of Xi'an (xī ān dà qīng zhēn sì 西安大清真寺)
The Great Mosque of Xi'an, located near the Drum Tower (gǔ lóu 鼓楼) on 30 Huajue Lane (huà jiào xiàng 化觉巷) of Xi'an, is one of the oldest and most famous mosques in the country. Unlike most mosques in Middle Eastern or Arab countries, the Great Mosque of Xi’an is entirely Chinese in its construction and architectural style, except for some Arabic lettering and decorations because the mosque has neither domes nor traditional-style minarets.
Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses (bīng mǎ yǒng 兵马俑)
Around 1.5 kilometers east of Emperor Qin Shi Huang's Mausoleum (qín shǐ huáng líng 秦始皇陵), Lintong County (lín tóng qū 临潼区), Shaanxi Province, the Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses are the most significant archeological excavations of the 20th century. The Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses was built to bury treasures and sacrificial objects which accompanied Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of all China, in his after life. It was listed by UNESCO as one of the world cultural heritages. Regarded as a miracle of the world's eighth largest, it is a sight not to be missed by any visitor to China.
Huaqing Pool (huá qīng chí 华清池)
Situated 30 kilometers east of Xi’an at the foot of the Lishan Hills (lí shān 骊山), Huaqing Hot Spring (huá qīng chí 华清池) was a popular retreat with Emperors more than 2500 years ago, many of whom enjoyed bathing in the perfectly clear mineral water. By visiting the Huaqing Hot Spring, you will not only enjoy the scenery, but also taste the pleasure of imagining yourself back in the days of the Tang Dynasty.